Cherkasy, or Cherkassy, is a city in central Ukraine. It is the capital of the Cherkasy Oblast, as well as the administrative center of the surrounding Cherkasky Raion within the oblast. The city itself is also designated as its own separate raion within the oblast. The city is the cultural, educational and industrial center of Cherkasy Oblast and Central Economical Region of Ukraine. Cherkasy has been known since the 13th century and played a great role in the history of Ukraine.