Tanganyika, from 1962 to 1964 the Republic of Tanganyika, was a sovereign state in East Africa. It was situated between the Indian Ocean and the African Great Lakes of Lake Victoria, Lake Nyasa and Lake Tanganyika. It gained independence from the United Kingdom as a Commonwealth Realm on 9 December 1961, becoming a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations exactly a year later, on 9 December 1962.

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