a city at night

Guangdong is a prominent province situated on the coastline of the South China Sea, falling under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China. In the English language, the province is alternatively known as Kwangtung. It earned the title of the most populous province in China in January 2005, leaving behind Henan and Sichuan in the population count. With 79 million permanent residents and an additional 31 million individuals who live in the province for at least six months each year, Guangdong's demographic is notably varied. It is home to two significant cities—Guangzhou, which serves as the provincial capital, and Shenzhen, a critical hub for economic activities.

Geographic Coordinates

Longitude and Latitude

  • Longitude: 113.25° E
  • Latitude: 23.13° N

Climate and Weather

Key Climate Information

  • Climate: Subtropical
  • Rainy Season: April to September
  • Dry Season: October to March

Demographic Data

Population Statistics

  • Permanent Residents: 79 million
  • Migrant Population: 31 million

Economic Overview

Gross Domestic Product

  • Provincial GDP: USD 1.47 trillion (as of 2020)

Language and Communication

Official Languages

  • Mandarin
  • Cantonese

Currency and Financial Data

Official Currency

  • Chinese Yuan (CNY)

Religious Demographics

Predominant Religions

  • Buddhism
  • Taoism
  • Christianity

Geographic Location


  • Asia

Administrative Structure

Guangdong plays an integral part in the administrative framework of China. It consists of 21 prefecture-level cities, 121 county-level divisions, and 44 districts. The capital city, Guangzhou, is not only an administrative seat but also a critical cultural and economic hub for southern China.

Economic Significance: Focus on Shenzhen

Shenzhen, another city located in Guangdong, holds substantial economic importance both domestically and globally. Renowned as China's "Silicon Valley," Shenzhen is a crucial center for technological innovation and is home to numerous multinational companies.

Cultural Relevance

Guangdong is also a hotbed of cultural activities and traditions. Notably, it is the birthplace of Cantonese cuisine, one of the eight significant culinary traditions in China. Furthermore, Cantonese opera and music originated from this province, exerting influence on various art forms both within China and among overseas Chinese communities.

Linguistic Landscape

While Mandarin is the official language mandated by the government, Cantonese holds cultural significance and is widely spoken throughout the province. Guangdong is a melting pot of various ethnic groups, including the majority Han Chinese and minorities like the Zhuang, Yao, and Tujia.

Religious Practices

The province's religious landscape is largely shaped by Buddhism, Taoism, and Christianity. Various places of worship, historic and modern, are distributed across the province, each highlighting diverse religious philosophies and traditions.

Natural Resources

Guangdong is rich in vital natural resources such as minerals, water bodies, and fertile land. The province has reserves of coal, tungsten, and rare earth elements that play a significant role in its industrial sector.

Tourist Attractions

Guangdong offers a range of tourist destinations that contribute significantly to its economy. From historical landmarks like the Zhenhai Tower in Guangzhou to natural beauties like Dinghu Mountain, the province is a tourist haven.

Technological Advancements

Guangdong is at the forefront of research and development in various sectors like information technology, biotechnology, and renewable energy. Institutions like the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology are pioneers in groundbreaking research.

Healthcare Facilities

The healthcare infrastructure in Guangdong is robust, featuring an array of state-of-the-art hospitals and clinics. These medical facilities offer a wide variety of services, from traditional Chinese medical treatments to contemporary surgical procedures.


Guangdong, also known as Kwangtung in English, has firmly established itself as China's most populous province since January 2005. Home to 79 million permanent and 31 million temporary residents, Guangdong plays a critical role in China's demographic makeup and economic activities. The province stands as an epicenter for innovation, culture, and governance, largely fueled by its major cities, Guangzhou and Shenzhen.

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