Lapland stands as Finland's most expansive and northerly district. This region is not an isolated entity but collaborates with its constituent municipalities through a Regional Council. Its geographical scope is defined by various boundaries, including North Ostrobothnia to the south, the Gulf of Bothnia, and international borders with Sweden's Norrbotten County, Norway's Finnmark and Troms Counties, and Russia's Murmansk Oblast.
Lapland encompasses a vast area of 100,367 square kilometers, marking it as Finland's largest region. The geographical features range from flat lowlands to hilly terrains and even some mountainous zones. This diverse landscape has a direct impact on the local climate, which is subarctic in nature, characterized by extremely cold winters and brief, milder summers.
In the governance of Lapland, a unique administrative body known as the Regional Council plays a pivotal role. This council serves as a collaborative platform for the multiple municipalities that constitute the region. The main objectives of this administrative body are economic development, social welfare, and the resolution of common issues affecting the region.
Bordering Regions and Countries
Table: Neighboring Geographical Entities
|65.0124° N, 25.4682° E
|Gulf of Bothnia
|64.4860° N, 21.9228° E
|66.8309° N, 20.3992° E
|70.0736° N, 24.9680° E
|69.6496° N, 18.9560° E
|68.9707° N, 33.0749° E
Climate and Weather
Lapland's climate can be categorized as subarctic, typified by lengthy, harsh winters where temperatures can fall significantly below freezing. Conversely, the summers are relatively mild and short. The Midnight Sun and Polar Night are among the notable natural phenomena that occur due to its extreme latitudinal location.
Table: Climate Metrics
|-15 to -30°C
|10 to 20°C
|20 to 40 mm
|40 to 60 mm
|0 to 4
|20 to 24
Economy and Industries
The regional economy of Lapland is diversified but leans heavily towards the exploitation of natural resources like forestry, mining, and fisheries. The tourism sector has also been gaining prominence, particularly due to the unique climatic phenomena and indigenous Sámi culture. Proximity to neighboring Scandinavian countries and Russia provides avenues for cross-border trade and economic cooperation.
Table: Key Economic Indicators
|$5 Billion (approx.)
|Forestry, Mining, Tourism
Language and Culture
The languages primarily spoken in Lapland include Finnish and Sámi. The Sámi people, indigenous to the region, have a rich cultural heritage which includes unique traditions, arts, and a sustainable relationship with the environment.
Table: Linguistic and Cultural Facts
|Reindeer husbandry, Handicrafts
The information provided here is aimed at delivering a comprehensive understanding of Lapland, highlighting its geographical, administrative, climatic, economic, and cultural facets.