The nation formally known as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is situated at the far eastern edge of the Indochina Peninsula in the region of Southeast Asia. According to population statistics from 2012, the country is home to approximately 90.3 million people, placing it 13th in terms of global population rankings and making it the eighth most populated nation within Asia. The term "Vietnam" is derived from the phrase "South Viet" and became the country's official name in the year 1945.

Geographical Location

Vietnam is situated in Southeast Asia, at the eastern tip of the Indochina Peninsula. It covers a total land area of 331,210 square kilometers. The nation has a remarkably diverse geography, which includes mountains, plateaus, and coastal plains.

Table: Geographical Information

Longitude108.2772° E
Latitude14.0583° N
BordersChina, Laos, Cambodia
Ocean BodySouth China Sea
Land Area331,210 km²
TopographyMountains, Plateaus, Coastal Plains


The climatic conditions in Vietnam are complex due to its elongated shape and diverse topography. The north experiences four distinct seasons, while the south has a more consistent tropical climate.

Table: Climate Information

ClimateTropical Monsoon, Subtropical (North)
SeasonsFour in North, Two in South

Population and Demographics

As of the most recent estimate, the population of Vietnam has grown to approximately 98 million as of 2021. The majority ethnic group is the Kinh, who make up about 85% of the population.

Table: Population and Demographics

Population (2021)98 million
Global Ranking15th
Asian Ranking8th
Majority Ethnic GroupKinh
Age StructurePredominantly Young


Vietnam has shown remarkable economic growth over the past few decades. Its GDP has continued to rise, and as of 2021, it reached approximately $383 billion. The country is a member of several international economic organizations, including the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

Table: Economic Information

GDP (2021)$383 billion
Economy TypeDeveloping Mixed Economy
Major ExportsTextiles, Electronic Goods, Seafood
Economic OrganizationsWTO, ASEAN

Official Language and Currency

Vietnamese is the sole official language of the country and is spoken by the majority of the population. The currency used is the Vietnamese đồng (VND).

Table: Language and Currency

Official LanguageVietnamese
CurrencyVietnamese đồng (VND)


Buddhism remains the most prevalent religion, but Vietnam also accommodates various other beliefs, including Christianity and Islam. Ancestor worship and folk religions are also commonly practiced.

Table: Religious Information

Major ReligionBuddhism
Minority ReligionsChristianity, Islam, Folk Religions

Technology and Innovation

Vietnam is rapidly advancing in terms of technology and innovation. It has become an attractive destination for foreign direct investment (FDI) in the tech sector. Several tech parks and innovation centers have been established to foster growth in this area.

Table: Technology and Innovation

FDI in TechHigh
Tech ParksMultiple
Innovation CentersEstablished


Vietnam is a country rich in natural beauty and historical landmarks, making it a popular tourist destination. In 2019, the country welcomed over 18 million international tourists. Famous attractions include Ha Long Bay, the ancient town of Hoi An, and the Cu Chi Tunnels.

Table: Tourism Information

International Tourists (2019)Over 18 million
Famous AttractionsHa Long Bay, Hoi An, Cu Chi Tunnels

Historical Background

The nation adopted its current name, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, in 1945. Before this period, Vietnam had a long history of colonization, initially by China and later by France. It gained independence from France in 1954, which led to the division of the country into North and South Vietnam. After years of conflict, the country was reunified in 1975.

In summary, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a Southeast Asian country located at the easternmost part of the Indochina Peninsula. It is globally significant due to its large population, emerging economy, and rich cultural heritage. With a diverse climate and a wide range of natural resources, Vietnam continues to grow in prominence on both the regional and global stage.

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