a sign on the side of a building

Zacatecas, formally known as the Free and Sovereign State of Zacatecas in its Spanish nomenclature (Estado Libre y Soberano de Zacatecas), stands as one of the 32 federal entities that constitute the United Mexican States. It is made up of 58 individual municipalities and has Zacatecas City as its administrative and political hub. Geographically, it occupies a region in the north-central part of Mexico.

Geographic Details

Latitude and Longitude

22.7709° N, 102.5832° W


Arid and semi-arid


North America

Administrative Structure

The state is subdivided into 58 municipalities, each governed by a municipal president and a council. This division facilitates effective governance and administration within the state.

Economic Profile


Zacatecas has a diversified economy, but mining, particularly silver mining, is a significant sector.


Mexican Peso (MXN)

Socio-Cultural Aspects

Official Languages



Approximately 1.6 million as of 2020


Predominantly Roman Catholicism

Historical Context

Zacatecas has a rich historical background, including its pivotal role in the Mexican War of Independence. The region has also been crucial in the mining industry, making it a historically significant state in economic contributions to the country.

Significance in the Federal Structure of Mexico

Zacatecas is one of the 31 states that, in conjunction with the Federal District, make up the 32 Federal Entities that constitute the political framework of Mexico. In the Mexican federal system, each state has its constitution but is governed under the umbrella of the federal constitution. Zacatecas holds the same status, with a degree of autonomy that allows it to enact laws and regulations pertinent to the state while still adhering to federal laws and policies.

Tourism and Natural Resources

Zacatecas is home to a range of natural and cultural tourist attractions. Its arid and semi-arid climate has shaped unique landscapes that draw tourists. The state also has a rich historical and cultural heritage, evident in its colonial architecture and numerous festivals.

Education and Infrastructure

Zacatecas has an extensive educational framework, with numerous primary, secondary, and higher education institutions. Infrastructure is also continuously being developed to enhance the state's economic capabilities.


In summary, Zacatecas, known formally as the Free and Sovereign State of Zacatecas, is an integral part of the United Mexican States. It is strategically located in North-Central Mexico and is subdivided into 58 municipalities for effective governance. With a rich history, diverse economy, and an array of natural and cultural attractions, Zacatecas holds a unique place in the Mexican federation.

Leave a Reply