Textile arts are arts and crafts which use a plant, animal, or synthetic fibers to construct practical or decorative items.
Textiles are a fundamental part of human life as the beginning of culture, and also the methods and materials used to create them have expanded hugely, while the functions of fabrics have stayed the same. The history of fabric arts is also the foundation of international trade. Tyrian purple dye has been a significant trade good from the ancient Mediterranean. The Silk Road attracted Chinese silk to India, Africa, and Europe. Tastes for imported luxury cloths led to sumptuary laws throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. The Industrial Revolution has been a revolution of textiles engineering: the cotton gin, the spinning jenny, and also the power loom mechanized manufacturing and led to the Luddite rebellion.