Digital art is the creation of artistic works of art with the help of digital technology, which is an integral part of the implementation of the creative process. If computer programs were used to create or present a piece of art, boldly refer it to digital art. The development of digital art is the result of a certain technological breakthrough. Artists move in step with the times and interact with new opportunities to express themselves and show their individuality.
The history of art development is inextricably linked with social changes, including technological progress. The success of many artists was held as the unsurpassed talent and in the subtle sense of the society’s needs. Historical analysis of the interaction of social factors and the emergence of art movements is the theme for thesis writing.
New technologies have broadened the boundaries of traditional art and inspired innovative approaches to creativity. The present time is characterized by the pluralism of styles and trends. Digital art is one of the mini-movements. Digital art includes two areas: the transfer of works of traditional art in the digital environment and fundamentally new types of artworks, originally created with the use of computer technology.
Types of Digital Art:
- Digital Painting
- Digital Photography
- Interactive Installations
- Game Art
- ASCII Art
- Pixel Art
This type of painting implies the creation of electronic images using computer imitations of traditional artist tools. Digital painting has a number of characteristic features. Computer programs allow you to achieve ideal shapes and lines, while a human hand is unable to draw a perfect circle or an ideally straight line. The ability to create identical figures is an order of magnitude higher than the level of template drawing.
Features of digital painting include symmetry, exact repetition, absolutely monochrome color planes, 3-d illusions. At the physical level, artworks are characterized by flatness, unlike the traditional layering of paints and brush strokes. Digital painting is manifested through printing. If the artist creates a digital image and re-paints the picture by hand, this work refers to traditional painting. In this case, the computer acts as a preparatory device.
It`s a photography technique that uses light transformation with a photosensitive matrix and obtaining a digital file used for further processing and printing. The essence of this type of digital art is that artist enhances the photo with different effects.
Photographers use software to realize their fantasies and ideas. For a photographer, the reality is not always good enough and technology gives him the opportunity to reveal an individual vision. The development of digital photography moves in two directions: fantasy, that is, the audience initially assumes unrealistic images; realistic, maximum proximity to the original image with optional use of amplifying effects.
Installation art is spatial compositions created from various elements using technology and representing a single whole that creates an interactive environment.
The most significant aspect of this art is the ability to maximize interaction with the viewer. The audience has the opportunity not only to observe but also to take part in certain creative installations. Interactive installations are not limited by size or space. The installations can be oriented to a specific location that will bring about an immersive aesthetic experience. The dimensions of this construction allow the viewers complete immersion in art, which is impossible with traditional ones – as seen at Pérez Art Museum Miami (PAMM) until January 2022 when Marco Brambilla‘s Heaven’s Gate appears on video or virtual reality headsets for four minutes and 45 seconds each looped continuously during museum hours!
While the recognition of video games as a form of art is a controversial topic, it should be noted that the design and programming of games is an object of copyright protection. Not every game deserves the title of a masterpiece of art, but holding exhibitions and expositions in museums brings game art to a new level.
Video games serve entertainment purposes but also it’s an art with maximum immersion and interaction with the audience. The development of the game is based on the variation of the choice that the player will perform. Even if the game is not attributed to a number of art objects, drawing characters, locations and the outer shell requires a creative approach of the artist, rather than technical writing codes and commands.
It`s a form of fine art that uses ASCII characters on a monospace computer terminal screen or printer for representing images. Art is the visualization of a picture based on a set of text characters and symbols. Creating such objects requires any text editor. The emergence of this art direction is largely due to the lack of graphics capabilities of printers.